Top 5 Cybersecurity Frameworks to Secure Your Organization (2023)

Cybersecurity frameworks help you achieve better cybersecurity by serving as a collection of best practices, standards, and guidelines. They are built by experts to help organizations reduce risk and remain resilient. A framework helps you identify the current state of an organization’s cybersecurity program and subsequently provides the necessary information to build an improvement roadmap. Because there are so many cybersecurity frameworks to choose from, we decided to narrow down the universe to the top 5 we feel are the most valuable and well-respected. This list is obviously subjective but most of the frameworks included are household names in the world of cybersecurity.

Many organizations utilize cybersecurity framework to achieve specific cybersecurity requirements and standards, which will vary by industry. For example, the energy sector has the NERC CIP standards, and the medical industry has HIPAA. If you’re interested in the history of cybersecurity frameworks, we’d recommend listening to our presentation:

To achieve cybersecurity compliance, organizations often take advantage ofintegrated risk management platforms, which contain a catalog of various frameworks.

In our humble opinion, the top 5 cybersecurity frameworks are:

  1. NIST CSF
  2. CIS 20
  3. ISO/IEC 27001
  4. C2M2
  5. CMMC

Selecting the best cybersecurity framework for your organization requires you to make a few considerations first:

  • The maturity of your current cyber risk security program
  • Your company policies and goals
  • Any regulation requirements you must comply with

Overall, your team should take time to understand the universe of different cybersecurity frameworks beyond the five we list in this article, so that you can select one (or multiple) that best suits your business needs

Two Types: Maturity Models and Control Frameworks

It’s essential to understand the difference between maturity models and control frameworks. Both are frequently used to bolster cybersecurity at governments and companies and sometimes are called frameworks interchangeably.

(Video) Selecting the right cybersecurity framework for your organization

In this article we use the term framework interchangeably in our top 5 list for the sake of simplicity. However, it’s important for you to note which ones are indeed maturity models. We will make this distinction for clarity’s sake.

So, what’s the difference between a cybersecurity framework and a cybersecurity maturity model?

Maturity models such as the popular Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model (C2M2) from the U.S. Department of Energy help determine how well you are doing something. They are typically developed in collaboration by experts of different backgrounds who can help ensure the model considers organizations of different sizes and abilities. Maturity models take a continuous improvement approach that helps determine what improvement looks like. They have become more broadly accepted over time in both small and large organizations.

When companies and governments adopt maturity models, it drastically improves the odds of creating a cultural shift. As you get up to 2020 and 2022, there is a tacit and full acceptance that maturity concepts of institutionalization are becoming the way that security culture is created.

On the other hand, control frameworks such as the popular NIST Cybersecurity Framework (NIST CSF) are explicitly outcome-driven and help you assess whether you perform specific actions. This means organizations generally have flexibility in implementing the practices as long as they achieve ideal outcomes.

This list of top 5 cybersecurity frameworks will allow your organization to achieve a more cyber resilient program.

1. NIST CSF

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework is highly Top 5 Cybersecurity Frameworks to Secure Your Organization (1)popular and has a reputation for objectivity and fairness. This framework core is made up of five functions and each function is broken down into categories and subcategories. The NIST CSF is useful for organizations of all sizes and industries. It’s outcome-driven, giving organizations the flexibility when it comes to implementation of practices. The NIST framework has easy to understand language, allowing team members that are not in the cyber or IT space to understand and use it. Its brevity allows it to be business-friendly which contributes to its widespread adoption. NIST CSF can easily integrate with a variety of other standards including NIST 800-53, ISO 27001 and more. There are resources that map NIST CSF to these standards and guidelines. All these benefits contributed to NIST CSF making our list of top cybersecurity frameworks.

Get NIST CSF Free Tool

https://learn.axio.com/free-tool

(Video) Cybersecurity Frameworks 102 - What You Need to Know about ISO 27001 and NIST CSF

NIST CSF Resource Library

The members of the Axio team have been closely involved in the development of theNIST CSFfrom day one and have compiled a list of recommended reading materials they have authored for our community.

NIST CSF Top Highlights

  • https://axio.com/insights/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-nist-csf/

Axio’s list of the top 10 things to understand about the NIST CSF, from the team involved in its ideation. Learn more about NIST Cybersecurity Framework here.

Understanding NIST CSF Functions

  • https://axio.com/insights/understanding-nist-cybersecurity-framework-nist-csf-functions/

Learn about the important distinction of NIST Cybersecurity Framework (NIST CSF) functions and shows how they can be the utilized to optimize your cybersecurity program.

NIST CSF to Develop Secure and Resilient Federal Information Systems

  • https://axio.com/insights/using-nist-800-53-to-interpret-nist-csf/

We break down how informative reference, NIST SP 800-53 controls, can be valuable for interpreting the NIST CSF.

Using NIST CSF for Compliance for Power and Utilities

  • https://axio.com/insights/nist-csf-as-a-lens-for-nerc-cip/

Thenewly released mappingfrom NERC CIP to NIST CSF is a useful tool for those organizations within the electric power and utility industry that must adhere to NERC CIP compliance.

Why NIST CSF Helps Hospitals and Healthcare Systems

  • https://axio.com/insights/why-nist-csf-helps-hospitals/

The healthcare industry is becoming increasingly vulnerable to cybersecurity frameworks and can use NIST CSF to improve their resilience and cyber posture.

NIST CSF to Build a Privacy Foundation

  • https://axio.com/insights/nist-csf-a-privacy-foundation-for-cybersecurity-programs/

The flexibility of the NIST CSF extends to building a privacy foundation you can document and improve upon.

NIT CSF Secures Remote Work

  • https://axio.com/insights/top-50-nist-csf-tips-to-address-remote-work-cyber-risk/

Remote work has created and increased attack surface. We compile how to leverage the NIST CSF to ensure your organization stays secure working remotely.

Informative References for NIST CSF

  • https://axio.com/insights/comprehensive-guide-to-nist-csf-informative-references/

Because the internet did not have a complete index of informative references for NIST CSF, Axio staff decided to create it here.

(Video) Cybersecurity Frameworks 101: What You Need to Know About NIST and CIS

Considerations for NIST

https://axio.com/insights/considerations-for-starting-a-nist-csf-assessment/

Important considerations to get started on your NIST CSF assessment journey.

NIST CSF Implementation Checklist

  • https://axio.com/insights/how-to-implement-nist-csf/

Learn what tools you should consider accelerating your NIST CSF framework implementation.

2. CIS 20

The Center for Internet Security has a set of 20 critical security controls that outline best practices for internet security and cyber threats. These 20 critical security controls are broken down into three buckets – basic, foundational and organizational. The CIS 20 is acclaimed by many to be one of the best cybersecurity frameworks. According to a TripWire article “A study of the previous release found that by adopting just the first five controls, 85 percent of attacks can be prevented”. These best practices empower organizations to push past compliance and holistically secure their organization. One of the biggest benefits of CIS20 is that it helps users easily prioritize. The controls in the basic bucket are the most critical and have high payoff. These controls are your starting point to enabling risk reduction.

3. ISO/IEC 27001

The International Organization for Standardization and International Electrotechnical Commission developed the ISO/IEC 27001 and it’s one of the most vastly used security controls frameworks. According to Gartner’s Guide to Information Security Controls Frameworks, more than a third of organizations use the ISO/IEC 27001 as their primary regulatory framework. Organizations of all sizes and industries can become certified in ISO/IEC 27001 by an external auditor. This framework consists of 11 clauses and an Annex that provides guidelines to controls that can be implemented. Like some of the other frameworks on this list, it can be integrated with other frameworks. And due to its widespread use, there’s a variety of resources that can inform and guide users.

4. C2M2

The Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model has 10 domains, and within each domain are approach and management objectives. The approach objectives outline what needs to be implemented and the management objectives outline how well these cybersecurity activities are implemented. Each activity within the objectives are broken down into 3 maturity levels. In order to get to the next maturity level, they must complete all activities in the previous level. The C2M2 framework is a thorough and comprehensive framework that gives a holistic view of an organization’s cyber risk management. Authors created the C2M2 for those in the electricity and oil/natural gas sector, but it can be used by any company. It’s a robust cyber risk assessment that helps you improve your organization’s cyber resilience.

Axio staff has written a comprehensive article providing a more detailed overview of C2M2

The article covers:

  • Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model (C2M2)Background
  • C2M2’sMaturity ModelElements
  • Components of the C2M2
  • Who can benefit from C2M2

5. CMMC

Structured into 17 domains with 5 levels of certification within each domain and 171 technical practices, CMMC empowers a “collaborative risk management approach” to secure your organization. Moreover, CMMC not only prepares organizations for cyber events but also helps develop a route to recovery for when a cyber-attack unfolds. Similar to C2M2, to get to the next maturity level/certification, all the practices within the previous maturity level must be implemented. Government defense contractors use CMMC to not only protect their organizations, but also national security.

(Video) How to Make Sense of Cybersecurity Frameworks

Preparing for Cyber Recovery

The use of cybersecurity frameworks can allow organizations to go beyond compliance and secure their infrastructure and confidential information. When it comes to cybersecurity it’s not a matter of “if” a cyber event occurs, it’s about “when”. With more cyber threats than ever, these best practices can decrease organizations’ susceptibility and help them develop a path to recovery when a cyber-attack is successful. The increase in cyber risks has led to the discussion of more government regulations and security requirements. For example, due to the rise in cyber-attacks from China, the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) encouraged organizations to implement a number of mitigation strategies. The current cyber best practices may become security requirements in the future. By utilizing these frameworks, you can get ahead of the game.

Why No Single Framework Can Provide the Ultimate Solution?

In practice, building the most optimal security system requires more than one framework. The irony is that there is no single framework that does it all. As cyber attacks are getting more sophisticated, risk management requires a more comprehensive and enhanced defense mechanism.

Compliance Frameworks vs. Maturity Frameworks

Frameworks designed for compliance remain focused on ensuring your organization is following the regulatory mandates. In many scenarios, an approach designed for compliance alone proves to be inadequate against advanced threats.

On the opposite end of the spectrum, frameworks designed for maturity evaluate how effectively an organization is achieving a particular goal, the successfully implemented security controls and the ones that need work, and what gaps need to be bridged to realize the ultimate outcome. They provide an objective assessment of an organization’s cyber risk profile – where an organization stands in terms of its cyber security and the maturity of its control implementations, systems, and information risk management processes. Ultimately it enlightens companies on how they can improve their risk management to enhance their overall cyber security posture.

As can be seen, each framework has its merits and demerits and cannot fulfill all requirements. The best solution is to structure your framework with a holistic approach. Using both, the cybersecurity frameworks for compliance and maturity can offer an integrated score that takes into account the complete picture. Reporting the integrated score to all stakeholders including senior management and board members will help them see the overall effectiveness of your organization’s security protocols in tackling cyber threats.

Making These Top Cybersecurity Assessments Work for You

Our platform, Axio360 supports a number of the frameworks mentioned above including CMMC, C2M2, CIS20, and NIST CSF. Our NIST CSF assessment includes mappings to ISO 27001 and a number of other standards such as the NIST 800-53, COBIT, NERC CIP, and more. Using Axio360 to assess your organization will allow you to identify weak points. With that knowledge, your team will be able to address vulnerabilities by implementing controls or buying insurance. Axio360 makes it easy to pinpoint your cyber risk management gaps and roadmap towards your target. Having a roadmap and understanding your current cyber risk vulnerabilities will decrease susceptibility and build up capability to recover. Our Kanban road-mapping tool makes planning easy, adjustable and collaborative. Moreover, our milestone feature tracks progress and improvement, while our target profile feature allows for goal setting across the organization. Bring all of these top cybersecurity assessments to life with a single tool – the Axio360.

Top 5 Cybersecurity Frameworks to Secure Your Organization (2)

To learn more about cybersecurity assessments, read our recent blog.

FAQs

What are the 5 best methods used for cyber security? ›

10 steps to an effective approach to cyber security
  • Risk management regime. ...
  • Secure configuration. ...
  • Network security. ...
  • Managing user privileges. ...
  • User education and awareness. ...
  • Incident management. ...
  • Malware prevention. ...
  • Monitoring.

What is the best framework for cyber security? ›

ISO 27001/27002, also known as ISO 27K, is the internationally recognized standard for cybersecurity.

Is CIS or NIST better? ›

In short, CIS recommendations are terrific for bringing your security posture up to par with industry standards. However, if you want to bid for Department of Defense (DoD) contracts or other high-level contracts, you are better off following the NIST standards, such as NIST SP 800-171.

What are the five pillars of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework? ›

Here, we'll be diving into the Framework Core and the five core functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover. NIST defines the framework core on its official website as a set of cybersecurity activities, desired outcomes, and applicable informative references common across critical infrastructure sectors.

What are the 7 types of cyber security? ›

The Different Types of Cybersecurity
  • Network Security. Most attacks occur over the network, and network security solutions are designed to identify and block these attacks. ...
  • Cloud Security. ...
  • Endpoint Security. ...
  • Mobile Security. ...
  • IoT Security. ...
  • Application Security. ...
  • Zero Trust.

What are 10 good cybersecurity practices? ›

Top 10 Secure Computing Tips
  • Tip #1 - You are a target to hackers. ...
  • Tip #2 - Keep software up-to-date. ...
  • Tip #3 - Avoid Phishing scams - beware of suspicious emails and phone calls. ...
  • Tip #4 - Practice good password management. ...
  • Tip #5 - Be careful what you click. ...
  • Tip #6 - Never leave devices unattended.

Which cybersecurity framework function is the most important? ›

I'll concentrate here on the first one, identity. This is the most basic and fundamental of all of the NIST Cybersecurity functions and as such, it is the most important. Identify is all about identification – understanding what your critical assets are and understanding where the risks lie.

Who uses NIST framework? ›

Companies from around the world have embraced the use of the Framework, including JP Morgan Chase, Microsoft, Boeing, Intel, Bank of England, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, and the Ontario Energy Board.

How many NIST frameworks are there? ›

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework organizes its "core" material into five "functions" which are subdivided into a total of 23 "categories". For each category, it defines a number of subcategories of cybersecurity outcomes and security controls, with 108 subcategories in all.

What is the difference between ISO 27001 and NIST? ›

NIST CSF and ISO 27001 Differences

NIST was created to help US federal agencies and organizations better manage their risk. At the same time, ISO 27001 is an internationally recognized approach for establishing and maintaining an ISMS. ISO 27001 involves auditors and certifying bodies, while NIST CSF is voluntary.

What is a CIS framework? ›

CIS Benchmarks are frameworks for calibrating a range of IT services and products to ensure the highest standards of cybersecurity and a vital part of your organizations CIS compliance objectives. They're developed through a collaborative process with input from experts within the cybersecurity community.

Is CIS based on NIST? ›

Who has endorsed the CIS Controls? The CIS Controls are referenced by the U.S. Government in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework as a recommended implementation approach for the Framework.

What are the 5 stages of the cybersecurity lifecycle? ›

Phases of the Cybersecurity Lifecycle

As defined by the National Insitute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Cybersecurity Framework's five Functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover, are built upon the components of the framework model.

What are the five 5 steps of the cybersecurity lifecycle? ›

Five functions comprise the core of the Framework: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond and Recover.

What is the latest NIST framework? ›

Latest Updates
  • Draft NIST IR 8406, Cybersecurity Framework Profile for Liquefied Natural Gas - is now open for public comment through November 17th.
  • NISTIR 8286C, Staging Cybersecurity Risks for Enterprise Risk Management and Governance Oversight, has now been released as final.

What are the 3 major types of cyber security? ›

The 3 major types of cyber security are network security, cloud security, and physical security. Your operating systems and network architecture make up your network security. It can include network protocols, firewalls, wireless access points, hosts, and servers.

What are the 4 types of IT security? ›

There are four types of information technology security you should consider or improve upon:
  • Network Security.
  • Cloud Security.
  • Application Security.
  • Internet of Things Security.
3 Feb 2022

What are the 5 types of cyber attacks? ›

Common types of cyber attacks
  • Malware. Malware is a term used to describe malicious software, including spyware, ransomware, viruses, and worms. ...
  • Phishing. ...
  • Man-in-the-middle attack. ...
  • Denial-of-service attack. ...
  • SQL injection. ...
  • Zero-day exploit. ...
  • DNS Tunneling.

What NIST best practices? ›

Taking the NIST's standards and the FTC's posted enforcement actions together, the following guidelines are some cybersecurity best practices:
  • Security. Start with Security. ...
  • Identify. ...
  • Protect. ...
  • Detect. ...
  • Respond. ...
  • Recover.
29 Mar 2018

What are the best practices in an organization to ensure security? ›

10 cybersecurity best practices
  • Protect your data. ...
  • Avoid pop-ups, unknown emails, and links. ...
  • Use strong password protection and authentication. ...
  • Connect to secure Wi-Fi. ...
  • Enable firewall protection at work and at home. ...
  • Invest in security systems. ...
  • Install security software updates and back up your files.
9 Apr 2019

What is the NIST? ›

NIST is the National Institute of Standards and Technology at the U.S. Department of Commerce. The NIST Cybersecurity Framework helps businesses of all sizes better understand, manage, and reduce their cybersecurity risk and protect their networks and data. The Framework is voluntary.

What are the two important control frameworks used in cybersecurity? ›

The two most common cybersecurity frameworks are the NIST Cybersecurity Framework and ISO-27000, although there are dozens of different frameworks that serve the needs of different industries. Some frameworks are focused around specific industries while others just vary in wording and controls.

Why is NIST framework important? ›

Enable long-term cybersecurity and risk management

The CSF takes your organization out of the 'one-off' audit compliance and risk assessment mindset, and into a more adaptive and responsive posture of managing cybersecurity risk.

What are the 3 key ingredients in a security framework? ›

An Introduction to the Components of the Framework

The Cybersecurity Framework consists of three main components: the Core, Implementation Tiers, and Profiles. The Framework Core provides a set of desired cybersecurity activities and outcomes using common language that is easy to understand.

Why is NIST the best framework? ›

The NIST Framework provides organizations with a strong foundation for cybersecurity practice. As regulations and laws change with the chance of new ones emerging, organizations that choose to implement the NIST Framework are in better stead to adapt to future compliance requirements, making long term compliance easy.

Is NIST Cybersecurity Framework good? ›

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework (NIST CSF) is widely considered to be the gold-standard for building a cybersecurity program.

How does a company use NIST Framework? ›

Uses of NIST's Cybersecurity Framework

to determine current levels of implemented cybersecurity measures by creating a profile; to identify new potential cybersecurity standards and policies; to communicate new requirements; and. to create a new cybersecurity program and requirements.

What is the ISO 27001 framework? ›

ISO 27001 is a standards framework that provides best practices for risk-based, systematic and cost-effective information security management. To comply with ISO 27001, it is necessary to roll out implementation of it according to the standard's requirements and get ISO 27001 certified.

What is NIST security models? ›

What is the NIST Security Model? The NIST Cybersecurity Framework is an exhaustive set of guidelines for how organizations can prevent, detect, and respond to cyberattacks.

What is NIST framework for risk management? ›

The NIST Risk Management Framework (RMF) provides a comprehensive, flexible, repeatable, and measurable 7-step process that any organization can use to manage information security and privacy risk for organizations and systems and links to a suite of NIST standards and guidelines to support implementation of risk ...

Is NIST or ISO better? ›

This leads to a key difference in the level of risk maturity each framework seeks to address. NIST is considered best for organizations that are in the early stages of developing a risk management plan. ISO 27001, comparatively, is better for operationally mature organizations.

Is NIST only for USA? ›

Although it was designed specifically for companies that are part of the U.S. critical infrastructure, many other organizations in the private and public sectors (including federal agencies) are using the Framework.

Does ISO 27001 cover cyber security? ›

ISO 27001 encourages an understanding of the business

ISO 27001 guidance requires organisations to assess their business risks before creating policies and implementing information security controls.

What are the 20 critical security controls? ›

Foundational CIS Controls
  • Email and Web Browser Protections. ...
  • Malware Defense. ...
  • Limitation and Control of Network Ports, Protocols, and Services. ...
  • Data Recovery Capability. ...
  • Secure Configuration for Network Devices, such as Firewalls, Routers, and Switches. ...
  • Boundary Defense. ...
  • Data Protection.
24 Jun 2020

What is Siem stand for? ›

Security information and event management, SIEM for short, is a solution that helps organizations detect, analyze, and respond to security threats before they harm business operations.

What is CSA in cyber security? ›

The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) is a nonprofit organization that promotes research into best practices for securing cloud computing and the use of cloud technologies to secure other forms of computing.

What is the difference between NIST and SANS? ›

The SANS framework primarily focuses on security as opposed to NIST, which has a wider domain of operation. The question that most people have at this point is: how do these two differ? For business owners, the difference is negligible.

What is the difference between NIST CSF and NIST 800 53? ›

NIST CSF provides a flexible framework that any organization can use for creating and maintaining an information security program. NIST 800-53 and NIST 800-171 provide security controls for implementing NIST CSF. NIST 800-53 aids federal agencies and entities doing business with them to comply as required with FISMA.

Is CIS CSC a framework? ›

The Center for Internet Security Critical Security Controls (CIS CSC), is a constantly updated framework that is designed by the wider cybersecurity community that tackles this very issue.

What does cobit stand for? ›

COBIT | Control Objectives for Information Technologies | ISACA.

What are the 5 6 major stages of incident response? ›

The NIST incident response lifecycle breaks incident response down into four main phases: Preparation; Detection and Analysis; Containment, Eradication, and Recovery; and Post-Event Activity.

How is soar different from Siem? ›

After a SIEM provides an alert, it's up to the administrator to determine the path of an investigation. In contrast, a SOAR automates investigation path workflows to begin triaging and subsequently apply remediation processes. In other words, a SOAR starts from where a SIEM's capabilities end.

What are three steps in the NIST Cybersecurity Framework? ›

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework consists of three parts:
  • Framework Core. The “Framework Core” consists of an assortment of activities and desired outcomes. ...
  • Implementation Tiers. ...
  • Framework Profile.
1 Nov 2021

How do I comply with NIST Framework? ›

9 steps for NIST compliance framework
  1. Categorize your data. ...
  2. Establish a baseline. ...
  3. Perform a risk assessment. ...
  4. Draft a written security plan. ...
  5. Deploy security controls. ...
  6. Monitor security performance. ...
  7. Determine agency-level risk. ...
  8. Authorize the information system for processing.

How do you implement cybersecurity framework? ›

Tailoring the NIST Cyber Security Framework for your business
  1. Step 1: Set your target goals. ...
  2. Step 2: Create a detailed profile. ...
  3. Step 3: Assess your current position. ...
  4. Step 4: Gap analysis and action plan. ...
  5. Step 5: Implement your action plan.
21 Jul 2020

What is the best Cybersecurity Framework? ›

NIST Cybersecurity Framework

While compliance is voluntary, NIST has become the gold standard for assessing cybersecurity maturity, identifying security gaps, and meeting cybersecurity regulations.

What are the five elements of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework? ›

Here, we'll be diving into the Framework Core and the five core functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover. NIST defines the framework core on its official website as a set of cybersecurity activities, desired outcomes, and applicable informative references common across critical infrastructure sectors.

What are the 5 NIST CSF categories? ›

They include identify, protect, detect, respond, and recover. These five NIST functions all work concurrently and continuously to form the foundation where other essential elements can be built for successful high-profile cybersecurity risk management.

What technique is used for cyber security? ›

Encryption: Encryption renders data undecipherable without application of a proper key to unlock the same. To combat an encryption, one would be required to undertake solving complicated mathematical problems like factoring large primes that would consume astronomical amount of computing resources and time.

What are the 5 types of cyber-attacks? ›

Common types of cyber attacks
  • Malware. Malware is a term used to describe malicious software, including spyware, ransomware, viruses, and worms. ...
  • Phishing. ...
  • Man-in-the-middle attack. ...
  • Denial-of-service attack. ...
  • SQL injection. ...
  • Zero-day exploit. ...
  • DNS Tunneling.

What is security techniques used in cyber security? ›

Multi-factor authentication (MFA), or two-factor authentication, adds an extra layer of security to a standard password. MFA is a combination of two or more of the following: Something you have (such as a randomly-generated code sent to your mobile phone) Something you are (such as a fingerprint)

What are the 4 types of it security? ›

There are four types of information technology security you should consider or improve upon:
  • Network Security.
  • Cloud Security.
  • Application Security.
  • Internet of Things Security.
3 Feb 2022

What are the best cyber security tools? ›

Enlisted below are the top Cyber Security tools for 2022.
  • Wireshark.
  • Kali Linux.
  • John the Ripper.
  • Metasploit.
  • Cain and Abel.
  • Tcpdump.
  • Nikto.
  • Forcepoint.
27 Sept 2022

What is a critical CyberSecurity tool for an organization? ›

Firewall is an important security tool for an organization, as it helps to protect against malware, unauthorized logins, and other security threats. It is used to block IP ranges and URL to protect data from security breaches.

What are the 3 major types of cyber security? ›

The 3 major types of cyber security are network security, cloud security, and physical security. Your operating systems and network architecture make up your network security. It can include network protocols, firewalls, wireless access points, hosts, and servers.

What are the six 6 types of attacks on network security? ›

Six Types of Cyber Attacks to Protect Against
  • Malware. Malware is an umbrella term for many forms of harmful software — including ransomware and viruses — that sabotage the operation of computers. ...
  • Phishing. ...
  • SQL Injection Attack. ...
  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Attack. ...
  • Denial of Service (DoS) Attack. ...
  • Negative Commentary Attacks.

What are the top 10 cyber-attacks? ›

Top 10 common types of cyber security attacks
  • Malware.
  • Phishing.
  • Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks.
  • Denial-of-Service (DOS) Attack.
  • SQL Injections.
  • Zero-day Exploit.
  • Password Attack.
  • Cross-site Scripting.
31 Jan 2022

How do you secure your workplace? ›

What Systems Can Improve Workplace Security?
  1. CCTV Systems. Installing a CCTV system on business premises has a number of benefits. ...
  2. Alarm Systems. ...
  3. Access Control Systems. ...
  4. Gates and Barriers. ...
  5. Employing Security Guards. ...
  6. Establishing Employee Responsibilities. ...
  7. Regular Employee Training. ...
  8. Develop an Emergency Plan.
29 Nov 2020

How can organizations prevent cyber attacks? ›

Limit the personal information you share online. Change privacy settings and do not use location features. Keep software applications and operating systems up-to-date. Create strong passwords by using upper and lower case letters, numbers and special characters.

What is the difference between IT security and cybersecurity? ›

If you're in information security, your main concern is protecting your company's data from unauthorized access of any sort—and if you're in cybersecurity, your main concern is protecting your company's sensitive data from unauthorized electronic access.

What is the future of cybersecurity? ›

By 2025, 60% of organizations will use cybersecurity risk as a primary determinant in conducting third-party transactions and business engagements. By 2025, 80% of enterprises will adopt a strategy to unify web, cloud services and private application access from a single vendor's security service edge platform.

What are the biggest cybersecurity threats right now? ›

Top 10 Cybersecurity Threats:
  1. Social Engineering. ...
  2. Third-Party Exposure. ...
  3. Configuration Mistakes. ...
  4. Poor Cyber Hygiene. ...
  5. Cloud Vulnerabilities. ...
  6. Mobile Device Vulnerabilities. ...
  7. Internet of Things. ...
  8. Ransomware.

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